In Ecuador, ICCO has historically worked on issues related to the protection of natural resources and access to land and territory. Today, through the program Business Booster, ICCO participates in an alliance with MCCH (Maquita), a socially responsible company that exports cacao and derivatives.
Av. Fuerza Naval No. 1238 entre calles 19 y 20 - Calacoto
La Paz, Bolivia
Ecuador is located in South America, with a territory that extends 256.370 km2. Ecuador has a northern border with Colombia, with a natural limit of the coast on the Mataje River. On the south and east it limits with Peru.
According to the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) the estimated rate of population growth in the year 2010 was 1,95%. The urban growth was 2,2% between the years 2005 and 2010. Currently, the country has a population of 16.027.000 people with a life expectancy of 75 years. Likewise, in 2014 the birth rate in Ecuador (number of births per 1000 inhabitants in a year) was 20,78‰ and the Fertility Index (average number of children per woman) was 2, 54.
Ecuador is the economy number 64 by GDP volume; its foreign debt in 2015 was of 30.756 million Euros and 34.128 million Dollars, which represents 34,53% of the GDP. Its per-capita debt is 1.919 Euros and 1.964Dollars per inhabitant. The latest rate of annual variation of the IPC, published in Ecuador is from July of 2016 and was 1,6%.
Ecuador, member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), felt the consequences of the dollarization of its economy with more intensity in the year 2015, with respect to the drop in the price of oil by more than 50%. The government proposed an Organic Law of Food Sovereignty Regime (LORSA), which was meant to be the framework for an adequate legislation for the exploitation of natural resources. Although the Plan to Promote Access to land for family farmers (2009) had looked to affect more than two million hectares of land in four years for beneficiaries of the Human Development Bond and reduce the GINI index from 0,80 to 0,70, by the year 2015 the progress was not much (only 5%) in the re-distribution of lands and the GINI index has not changed.
Ecuador is known worldwide for having one of the best cacao grains. In 2013, Ecuador became the sixth most important in the production of cacao, after Brazil.