A country known for its unique biodiversity and natural habitats. But also a country in which 68% of people live on less than 1,25$ a day. 37% of children under the age of 5 years are underweight. The natural habitats are under extreme pressure. Current and future generations are faced with the challenge of striking a balance between economic growth, equitable development and natural conservation.
Escalier Ranavolona 1, Analakelym BP 1574,
Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
ICCO’s integrated rural development program in Madagascar focuses on complementarity with economic development and disaster risk reduction interventions. ICCO in Madagascar is concentrating interventions in the south eastern part of the island in order to build progressively a coherent program. The geographical location of the program in Madagascar is unique: on the one hand increasing efficiency and effectiveness in one area, and on the other hand linking problems and solution up-stream (deforestation and erosion) within the coastal plains.
In Madagascar, ICCO follows a holistic approach and focuses on improving land security among small farmers, value chain development and increasing access to finance through support to microfinance institutions. The country office in Madagascar is piloting one program labeled under several ICCO themes:
The program addresses issues from production level (farmers) up-to marketing at local and (inter)national level. Special attention is given to the creation of favorable conditions for chain development (e.g. financial services, landownership) and empowering civil society organizations to advocate for improved environmental governance.
The supported farmer organizations are linked to partners for financial services, construction works and diversification of the agricultural production.
We cooperate with local civil society organizations like CMP-Tandavanala, HaonaSoa, SAF/FJKM; Fiantso Madagascar, Ny Tanintsika. Private sector partners are: STARTLE, Sangany Café, BIONEXX, RENALA Naturals.
Main (financial) partners of the local companies supported by ICCO are CFC, TRIODOS bank, HERi Africa, Fair and Sustainable Participations BV, Intertaste, IDH.
Economic empowerment constitutes the central theme of ICCO’s program in Madagascar, especially the development of several value chains in collaboration with private sector enterprises. Currently, ICCO Madagascar is involved in the following value chains: coffee, spices,honey and essential oils. We also support the development of favorable conditions for private sector development. For instance, ICCO Madagascar supports the set-up of decentralized land registration offices at municipality level and the development of the microfinance sector by offering bank guarantees for refinancing of their portfolio.
At the same time, our partner network is implementing combined food security/disaster risk reduction projects. For instance, the introduction of agroforestry techniques (coffee, cloves) on the slopes in watershed areas to reduce the effect of the annual cyclones (erosion and flooding of the coastal plains). Most of these projects (AINA, ASARA/REEEL, iPride) are currently co-financed by the European Union.
The objective of our Fair Climate program in Madagascar is the set-up of a sustainable “household fuel economy“. Activities are concentrated in two of the biodiversity hotspots in the world: the forest corridor in the central highlands and the spiny forest near Fort Dauphin in southeastern Madagascar. The program aims at :
Madagascar also supports the set-up of solar kiosks by a private company in remote communities which deliver access to electricity for lightning (rechargeable lamps) and other modern appliances as well as internet and telephone, copying and other communication and office services.
The Humanitarian Aid program focuses on introducing successful practices at the level of small watersheds and irrigated areas which are exposed to floods and droughts. Innovations such as a modified planting dates, improved seeds, etc. are introduced .The results are capitalized and used to influence sector policies at regional and national level. Madagascar’s east-coast is cyclone prone and through our program the resilience of the local communities to natural disasters is increased.